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Study on the welfare of dogs and cats
involved in commercial practices

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Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom. Please click here for more information.


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Einführung

Die Europäische Kommission hat eine Studie zum Wohlbefinden von Hunden und Katzen im Rahmen von Geschäftspraktiken in den Mitgliedstaaten der EU eingeleitet.

Es sind mehrere Trends zu beobachten, die Anlass zur Sorge geben: Hunde und Katzen können illegal gezüchtet und zwischen EU-Mitgliedstaaten gehandelt und verbracht und illegal aus Drittländern importiert werden. Dies stellt eine Gefahr für das Wohlergehen der Tiere ebenso wie für die Gesundheit von Mensch und Tier dar, wenn keine präventiven Maβnahmen ergriffen werden.

Bitte nehmen Sie an unserer Online-Befragung teil und helfen Sie uns, wichtige Informationen zu sammeln. Ihre Antworten sind sehr wertvoll für die Studie!

Fragebögen


Introduction

The European Commission has commissioned a study on the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices in EU Member States (Specific Contract SANCO 2013/12364).

The purpose of the study is to collect and analyse information on breeding, keeping and trade of dogs and cats in European Member States, and import and export to third countries. The study focuses on the economic development of the sector, functioning of the EU internal market, protection of EU consumers (both from financial damage and health risks), and welfare of dogs and cats.

Please help us to gather important information by participating in our on-line survey. Your answers will be of great value for the study!

Questionnaires


Introducción

La Comisión Europea ha comisionado un estudio sobre el bienestar de perros y gatos implicados en prácticas comerciales dentro de la Unión Europea.

Este estudio tiene como objetivo la recogida y análisis de información sobre las prácticas de cría y comercio de perros y gatos en los diferentes Estados Miembros, teniendo en cuenta el transporte y los intercambios entre los diferentes Países. El estudio recogerá información sobre la relevancia económica del sector, además del funcionamiento del mercado interno, sobre la protección de los consumidores (sea a nivel de daños económicos sea de riesgo para la salud) y también sobre el bienestar de perros y gatos.

Por favor ayúdanos a recoger esta importante información participando a nuestra encuesta on-line.

¡Tus respuestas serán muy importantes para el estudio!

Cuestionarios


Introduction

La Commission européenne a lancé une étude sur le bien-être des chiens et des chats faisant l'objet de pratiques commerciales dans l'Union Européenne.

Plusieurs tendances inquiétantes semblent se dégager: les chiens et les chats peuvent être élevés, commercialisés et transportés de manière illégale entre les Etats membres de l'UE ou importés illégalement depuis des pays tiers. Ceci comporte des risques tant pour le bien-être des animaux que pour la santé humaine et animale, si des mesures préventives ne sont pas prises.

Aidez-nous à récolter des informations importantes en participant à notre enquête en ligne. Vos réponses seront d'une grande valeur pour l'étude!

Questionnaires


Introduzione

La Commissione Europea ha lanciato uno studio sul benessere dei cani e dei gatti coinvolti in pratiche commerciali tra gli Stati Membri dell'EU.

Ci sono diverse tematiche che stanno dando adito ad una crescente preoccupazione: cani e gatti possono essere allevati, commercializzati e trasportati in modo illegale tra Stati Membri, o possono essere importati da Paesi Terzi, ponendo a rischio sia il benessere animale che la salute animale e dell'uomo, se non verranno prese misure preventive efficaci.

Aiutateci a raccogliere informazioni importanti partecipando al nostro sondaggio on-line destinato sia agli operatori del settore che - in generale - ai cittadini europei, possessori e non di cani e gatti.

Le vostre risposte saranno di fondamentale importanza per questo studio!

Questionari


Bevezetés

Az Európai Bizottság egy tanulmányt indított a kutyák és macskák jólétéről, beleértve a kereskedelmi gyakorlatokat az EU tagállamokban.

Számos trend ad aggodalomra okot: illegálisan tenyésztett, forgalmazott és szállított kutyák és macskák az EU tagállamok között, vagy importált a harmadik világ országaiból, mely veszélyt jelent az állatok jólétére, valamint az emberi és állati egészségre, ha nem vetnek be hatékony intézkedéseket a megelőzésre.

Kérjük, segítsen nekünk a fontos adatok összegyűjtésében azáltal, hogy részt vesz az online felmérésben. Válaszai nagyban növelik a tanulmány értékét!

Kérdőívek


Introductie

Voor het eerst heeft de EU opdracht gegeven tot een overzichtsstudie om het welzijn van honden en katten in commerciële praktijken in de EU te evalueren.

Verschillende ontwikkelingen geven reden tot zorg, zoals illegale fokkerij en handel, illegale import en export en rasgebonden afwijkingen. Al deze problemen kunnen invloed hebben op de gezondheid en het welzijn van mens èn dier.

Graag willen we u dan ook verzoeken om ons te helpen het deze studie door het invullen van de online enquête en zo een rol te spelen in een verbeterd welzijn voor honden en katten in de EU.

Vragenlijsten


Wprowadzenie

Komisja Europejska zleciła przeprowadzenie badania ankietowego odnośnie dobrostanu psów i kotów będących przedmiotem transakcji handlowych w krajach Unii Europejskiej.

Obserwuje się kilka niepokojących tendencji: psy i koty mogą być nielegalnie hodowane, sprzedawane oraz przewożone pomiędzy krajami UE, a także importowane z krajów poza unijnych. Jeśli nie zostaną podjęte efektywne środki zapobiegawcze, praktyki te mogą stanowić ryzyko nie tylko dla dobrostanu zwierząt, ale również dla zdrowia ludzi i zwierząt.

Prosimy, pomóż nam zebrać potrzebne informacje biorąc udział w naszym sondażu on-line. Twoje odpowiedzi będą miały ogromne znaczenie dla naszych badań!

Kwestionariusze


Introducere

Comisia Europeană a lansat un studiu cu privire la bunăstarea câinilor și pisicilor implicate în practici comerciale în statele membre ale UE.

Există mai multe tendinţe care dau naștere la îngrijorare : câinii și pisicile pot fi crescute în mod ilegal, comercializate și transportate între statele membre ale UE, sau importate din ţări terţe, reprezentând un risc pentru bunăstarea animalelor, precum și pentru sănătatea umană și animală, în cazul în care măsurile preventive eficiente nu sunt luate.

Vă rugăm sa ne ajutaţi să adunăm informaţii importante participând la sondajul nostru on-line. Răspunsurile dumneavoastră vor fi de mare valoare pentru studiu!

Chestionare


Úvod

Európska komisia spustila štúdiu zameranú na dobré životné podmienky psov a mačiek zapojených do obchodných praktík v členských štátoch EÚ.

V súčasnej dobe pozorujeme niekol'ko alarmujúcich trendov: psy a mačky môžu byt' nelegálne chované, obchodované a prepravované medzi členskými štátmi EÚ, ako aj nelegálne dovezené z tretích krajín. Bez implementácie účinných opatrení predstavujú dané situácie riziko zhoršenia tak blaha i zdravia zvierat, ako aj zdravia l'udí.

Pomôžte nám prosím získat' dôležité informácie zúčastnením sa v našom on-line prieskumue. Vaše odpovede budú vel'kým prínosom pre túto štúdiu!

Dotazníky


Inledning

Europakommissionen genomför nu en studie om levnadsstandarden hos hundar och katter inom husdjurshandeln i EU:s medlemsstater.

Det finns många tendenser som ger anledning till oro: olaglig uppfödning, olaglig handel och olagliga transporter inom EU eller med länder utanför EU, saker som medför risker för både djurs och människors hälsa om de inte utförs på rätt sätt.

Vi ber Dig att delta i studien online och därmed hjälpa oss att samla viktig information. Dina svar är viktiga för oss!

Frågeformulär


Background

Whilst the European Union (EU) has legislation on certain health requirements for intra-EU trade on cats and dogs, there is an absence of EU legislation on broader aspects of their welfare. At the national level there is wide variation in animal welfare legislation across the Member States (MS), as highlighted by a recent study undertaken on behalf of the European Commission (EC) (EUPAW).

The overview of the Conference on the welfare of dogs and cats in the EU observed that "The rise in the lucrative trade of cats and dogs has brought problems of its own: genetic selection, puppy farming, mutilation and inhumane disposal have far reaching consequences but to date there is no harmonised EU legislation to address the welfare concerns".

The Council of the European Union calls upon the Commission, in the framework of the second EU strategy for the protection and welfare of animals "to study the differences between the measures taken by the Member States regarding the breeding of and EU trade in dogs and cats and, if appropriate, to prepare policy options for the harmonisation of the internal market".

The European Parliament resolution on the Strategy for the Protection and Welfare of Animals 2012-2015 "Urges the Commission, in its 2014 study on the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial purposes, to recommend concrete solutions to prevent dogs and cats from being bred and traded in a way which is likely to cause welfare problems".

The study will determine the extent to which the EU should take specific measures in line with the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality whilst ensuring the proper functioning of the internal market and import/export.

Project consortium

The IBF Consortium, including VetEffecT (NL), Wageningen University & Research Centre (WUR) and Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise "G. Caporale" (IZSAM) has been awarded the contract for the "Study on the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices" ( SANCO 2013/12364).

VetEffecT is the lead implementing partner for the study together with IZSAM and Wageningen UR as key partners, under the overall responsibility of IBF.

Project objectives

The overall objective of the study is to determine the extent to which the EU should take initiatives to protect the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices. The initiatives should achieve better functioning of the internal market, protection of the consumer, public health, animal health and animal welfare.

The specific objectives are:

  1. to collect socio-economic, technical and legal data and experts opinions on the breeding, keeping and trade of dogs and cats (domestic sale, intra-EU trade and import/export) based on case studies in 12 Member States;
  2. to analyse the data in order to identify possible EU relevant issues, such as risks to the functioning of the internal market, to the protection of consumers, to public health and to animal welfare, and to assess if citizens are appropriately protected and informed about the risks posed to animals and humans due to illegal/inappropriate dog and cat commercial practices;
  3. to provide options on the possible added value of EU actions regarding the breeding, keeping and trade of dogs and cats. Specific notions on how to maximise information dissemination on appropriate breeding, keeping and trade practices (including transport), will be developed.

Scope

Technical scope
The study concerns the "welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices". According to the Terms of Reference, this includes activities related to commercial breeding, keeping and distribution (domestic sale, intra-EU trade and import/export) of dogs and cats, including the adoption of stray animals (rescue centres) as well as retailing (pet shops and suppliers of goods), sheltering and boarding (kennels and catteries).

In this context the term "the sector" refers to the above-mentioned economic activities directly related to the release on the market of dogs and cats. It excludes related services such as veterinarians, dog trainers, sitters, walkers, and manufacturers of feed and equipment for dogs and cats.

The study will concentrate on business operators having these activities as a main source of income, while not excluding other operators and non-profit organisations (e.g. NGOs engaged in stray dog and cat population control and adoption programmes) which may have an impact on this market.

As regards dog and cat breeders the study will cover the following categories of operators:

  1. Professional breeders as private individuals for whom the activity represents the main source of income;
  2. Hobby breeders as private individuals for whom the activity is not the main source of income.
  3. Dealers - those who supply pet shops with dogs and cats, either by selling animals that they breed and raise or by collecting them from various sources;

Non-tangible factors (e.g. psychosocial issues related to dogs and cats) fall outside of the scope of this study.


Geographical scope
The country selection is based principally on the dog and cat populations (FEDIAF, 2012) and on the volumes of animals traded in the EU (as notified through TRACES), taking account of the main destination and dispatching countries for both dogs and cats. The selected countries will provide an appropriate geographical and socio-economic balance so that the findings will be relevant to all Member States:

  • Belgium
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom

Temporal scope
The study will take place from 6 February 2014 until 6 February 2015.

Suggested glossary of terms for the purposes of the study, with derivations

A


Arrival1
An inward movement of animals into a Member State from another Member State.

C


Commercial breeding and boarding2
Breeding or boarding of dogs and/or cats mainly for profit. The exact definition varies between Member States.

Commercial practices3
Activities directly related to the release on the market of dogs and cats including commercial breeding, keeping and distribution (domestic sale, intra-Union trade, import/export) of dogs and cats as well as their retailing (pet stores or shops), sheltering or boarding (kennels and catteries).

D


Domestic sale
Sale within one Member State or placing on the market.

Dispatch4
An outward movement of animals from a Member State to another Member State.

E


Export5
The outward movement of animals from a Member State to a third country.

I


Import6
The inward movement of animals or products from a third country to a Member State.

T


Third country
Any country that is not a Member State of the European Union

Trade (synonym: Intra-EU trade or intra-Union trade)7
Exchange of animals between Member States for profit or not.

Transit8
Movement from one third country to another third country passing through a Member State or from a Member State to another Member State passing through the territory of a third country.


1 Derived from Council Directive 90/425/EEC which refers to the arrival of animals or products from another Member State. Also used in the same context in Agriculture in the European Union, Statistical and Economic Information, 2011, DG AGRI
2 Derived from the Council of Europe 'European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals'
3 Terms of Reference Study on the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices, 2. Scope of the study, reference: SANCO 2013/12364
4 Derived from Council Directive 90/425/EEC which refers to the dispatch of animals or products to another Member State. Also used in the same context in Agriculture in the European Union, Statistical and Economic Information, 2011, DG AGRI
5 Derived from references in Council Directive 90/425/EEC
6 Derived from references in Council Directive 90/425/EEC
7 Derived from Council Directive 90/425/EEC
8 Derived from COM(2013)265 - 'Official controls' Commission proposal

Contacts

For any additional information please use the following contacts.

Ph: +39 0861 332632
Email: sancodogandcat@izs.it